By Adnan Prekic – Podgorica
Montenegro has a high level of human development, according to Human Development Index (HDI), which ranks it 51st out of 187 countries, reads the United Nations’ global report. The report says that Montenegro with its 51st position has the highest recorded value of HDI in the region.
The parameters that were analyzed in the study of the United Nations are much better than those from the previous analysis. However, the study of the United Nations showed some significant problems in Montenegrin society. More specifically, 20 percent of the workforce is unemployed, that is about 100,000 people. In the report published by the United Nations it is stated that 37 percent of young people are unemployed as well as 44 percent of the workforce of Roma population living in Montenegro. According to UN data, the number of unemployed is much higher than the official figures from the Employment Agency of Montenegro, which is about 30,000 people. The report states that 3 percent of the population lives below the purchasing power parity of $1.25 per day, or approximately one euro.
The Human Development Report of 2014 provides an overview of HDI values and rankings for 187 countries and UN-recognised territories, while countries are grouped in four categories: very high, high, medium and low human development.
When it comes to the Western Balkans region, countries that fall into the group of high human development are Serbia (77th place), FYR Macedonia (84th), Bosnia and Herzegovina (86th) and Albania (95th), while countries with very high human development are Slovenia (25th) and Croatia (47th). The report ranks Slovenia 25th, and Croatia 47th, and classifies them in the category of countries with very high human development.
Overall, the region comes second in the Human Development Index rankings among developing regions, behind Latin America and the Caribbean. It surpasses world averages in life expectancy and mean years of schooling, but trails slightly in gross national income per capita.
The report analyses life cycle vulnerabilities and identifies moments in life (e.g., early childhood, old age) in which shocks can have a greater impact. It also explores structural vulnerabilities – those that persist and compound over time as a result of discrimination and institutional failings to the disadvantage of groups such as ethnic minorities, the disabled and the long-term unemployed. Because of its geography, the region is also vulnerable to natural disasters. A large scale of natural disaster in or near a major population centre could result in a humanitarian disaster, damage to regional infrastructure, significant refugee flows, and increased strain on often limited state capacity and social cohesion.