Montenegro has opened today negotiations in Chapter 16 (Taxation) and 30 (External Relations) at the Intergovernmental Conference in Brussels.
In negotiations with the European Union (EU), Montenegro has so far opened 18 chapters, two of which are temporarily closed. State Secretary for European Integration and Chief Negotiator Aleksandar Andrija Pejovic said that the fact that Montenegro opened the External Relations chapter is confirmation that the state has the capacity in this area.
When asked what will be the biggest challenge in the negotiations on this chapter, Pejovic said that the experiences of Croatia and other countries in the negotiations on this chapter indicate that the most demanding was the alignment with the EU acquis in the field of bilateral trade agreements.
“Mitigating circumstance in our case is that after the restoration of independence all free trade agreements, as well as bilateral investment treaties and agreements on economic cooperation that Montenegro applies, contain a cancellation clause of the date of accession to the European Union”, said Pejovic for Mina.
He said that with the EU membership Montenegro increase the chances for export both to the Union and to third countries.
He said that the abolition of border controls towards EU will save time and costs to Montenegrin tradesmen, and with reducing trade barriers Montenegro will become an even more attractive destination for foreign direct investment.
“On the other hand, after becoming a member, Montenegro will have access to markets in Central and Latin America, Africa and the Mediterranean, through the implementation of trade agreements signed by the EU with third countries”, said Pejovic.
He said that what is particularly important for citizens due to competition in the market, is that they would have a broader range of products and services from EU member states, with lower prices and greater choice of quality.
“When it comes to the EU’s development policy, it is through this chapter that Montenegrin businessmen will have the opportunity to help the development of third countries with their investments, which on the other hand will encourage the placement and visibility of Montenegrin goods and services in the markets of these countries”, said Pejovic.
He said that values that are characteristic for Montenegro will be promoted in conquering new markets, and that it will define Montenegro as a serious competitor on the European and world markets.
Pejovic said that fast and efficient cooperation between national civil protection services in cases of emergencies is achieved through the External Relations chapter.
He said that after opening of the the External Relations chapter Montenegro commits itself, no later than the date of accession to the EU, to cancel or adjust existing international agreements containing elements of trade policy and begin implementation of trade agreements with third countries concluded by the EU.
According to him, Montenegro needs to improve control mechanisms in foreign trade with the dual-use goods – goods that can be used in both civilian and military purposes.
Pejovic explained that Montenegro is expected to improve the legislative and institutional framework for the participation and implementation of EU development policy and humanitarian assistance.
“In this part it is necessary to define our own development policy, prioritize sectors and partner countries in development cooperation. When it comes to humanitarian aid, we shall be obliged to coordinate our humanitarian interventions with the EU”, said Pejovic.
He said that in this respect it is important to point out that Montenegro has already become member of the EU Civil Protection Mechanism which enables us to use human and material resources of other member states in case of disasters.
Pejovic believes that it is of great importance for the citizens of Montenegro since it enables better protection in the event of natural disasters, fire, technical and technological accidents, chemical, biological, nuclear and radiological contamination.
“There are numerous examples in which the EU and its member states have joined the funds, material and technical assistance for the population of affected areas. The most recent example of EU humanitarian aid is support provided during last year’s floods in the countries in our neighborhood”, said Pejovic.
Izvor: RTV Montenegro