#UniverzitetCrneGore #Studiranje #Model #VladaCrneGore #Strategija
Application of the new studying model will start from school year 2017/18, said Minister of Education Predrag Bošković. The Government of Montenegro passed a Strategy on Development of High Education in Montenegro 2016 – 2020 today, as well as a Decision on Reformed Structure of Studies in the Integrated University of Montenegro, following the 3+2+3 model. Structure of study in the model 4+1+3 for Faculty of Mathematics did not pass.
Minister of Education Predrag Bošković made a statement after the session, saying that this document encapsulates problems of high education, pertaining specifically to a few key goals such as a change in UCG financing model, quality control, mobility.
“These are the principles upon which we want to base our future activities in education“, Bošković said.
According to him, the Strategy entails actions that were done over a few years during reforms on the University. It also entails a new concept of studying.
Reform for the model 3+2+3 was explained through an approach to qualitative changes in the matter of reaching a higher quality of studies, inclusion in the process of improvement, international mobility, and possibility to apply the best European experiences with the greatest influence on the work market.
This reforms also accomplishes necessary accordance with European standards of high education.
“All educational systems in the West have three levels of studying: Bachelor, Master and PhD. Current Montenegrin system has four levels, one more called specialists degree, which serves to exclude us from integrations in the process of education. Besides the asymmetry with European educational system, this model has made certain problems with quality. The exception are regulated vocations, such as medicine and others that have a different schedule of studying, for example 6+0+3, or a teaching school 5+0+3. This type of standardization requires a change, a rise in the budget pertaining to it, but it does not depend on the budget increasing“, the Government’s Decision reads.
Significant optimization of study programs
The number of study programs on undergraduate and Master’s studies on UCG is 114. This structure needs to have 14 applied studies added, as well as 25 PhD programs, one of which is interdisciplinary, along with 7 new interdisciplinary studies, which gives 160 study programs on all the levels of a three-cycle model of studying.
Compared to a current state of 270 study programs, this presents a significant optimization, especially for teacher-student ratio.
On the financial plan, this new standardization requires a change in the budget, but the budget does not have to be necessarily increased.
The reform of new model of studying at the University will pertain to school year of 2017/18.
“The second cycle of the studies would begin in 2020/21. Implementation of reforms is followed by a change of legislation – with the Law on Higher Education, there are articles that define different study programs, diplomas”, the Government’s Decision reads.
For the generations of students who have already begun their studies in the old system, a transition period needs to be defined in order to protect their student rights. All reforms are in accordance with reforms of higher education of Ministry of Education.
Benefits of 3+2+3 system
Models 3+2+3 and 4+1+3 are recognized in Europe, and the first one is dominant because it proved a standard of quality, mobility, and work market quality.
Model 3+2+3, in our conditions, marks a necessary discontinuance that will lead to a 5 year long study, which is also a dominant model, and not only in Europe.
“The goal is a different perception of Bachelor and Master diplomas and their credibility. The exception are regulated vocations, such as medicine and others. The models are based on system of 180 ECTS + 120 ECTS credits (3+2) for the first and second cycle of studies, that are dominant in Germany, Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, etc”, the Government’s Decision reads.
Experiences in Slovenia and Croatia are based on the same model of 3+2+3. Comparative practice also demonstrates that this is the right model.
“It is necessary to abandon specialists year system and unsustainable one year long Master studies, not only in UCG, but in the whole education legislation, so we can reach European standard”, it was stated.
This type of standardization requires a change in the concept of budget, but it does not necessarily require a rise in the budget. Work group in UCG, along with foreign experts in education, has almost concluded a final phase in the elaborate on 3+2+3 system.
Model 3+2+3 defines and promotes Bachelor degree as valuable in the work market, two year Master degree brings more complex knowledge.
“In this context, PhD studies will be truly recognized, and they will have functionality in the work market”, the Decision reads.
Minister Bošković said that these two documents aim to increase competitivity on the work market, and inclusion of post-graduates in global currents.
“We are beginning the implementation, with a focus on faculties, and we want to implement these documents, changing the Law on Higher Education if necessary”, Bošković concluded.
Source: Cafe Del Montenegro